Books by Bishop Michael Callahan


Apostolic Western Orthodox Church

Prepared by Michael Callahan

Presiding Bishop



 AWOC Catechism

 based upon and inspired by the works of Saint Thomas Aquinas, especially His catechism.

Initial Catechesis:

    • Foundation of Faith: Initial catechesis, typically provided to children and new converts, lays the foundation of faith. It introduces individuals to the fundamental beliefs, teachings, and stories of the Christian tradition.
    • Understanding the Sacraments: Catechesis helps individuals comprehend the significance of sacraments like baptism and the Eucharist, which are essential for initiation into the Christian faith.
    • Moral Formation: It instills moral values and ethical principles in individuals, guiding them in making virtuous choices in their lives.
    • Prayer and Worship: Catechesis introduces individuals to prayer and worship practices, enabling them to communicate with God and participate in the liturgical life of the Church.

Leading to Confirmation:

    • Deepening Faith: Proper spiritual formation prepares candidates for confirmation by deepening their understanding of the Christian faith and its significance in their lives.
    • Receiving the Holy Spirit: Confirmation is seen as the sacrament of the Holy Spirit. Adequate formation equips candidates to receive the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit.
    • Commitment to the Church: It fosters a sense of commitment to the Church, encouraging candidates to actively engage in the life and mission of the Christian community.


Life-Long Learning:

    • Continual Growth: Spiritual formation is not limited to a specific stage but continues throughout one’s life. It facilitates ongoing spiritual growth, encouraging believers to delve deeper into the mysteries of faith.
    • Doctrinal Development: Lifelong learning enables individuals to explore complex theological concepts and engage in theological reflection, enriching their faith journey.
    • Maturity in Christ: It helps believers mature in their relationship with Christ, transforming them into faithful disciples who live out their faith in the world.

For Contemplative and Religious Life:

    • Discernment: Proper spiritual formation is crucial for those discerning a contemplative or religious vocation. It assists individuals in discerning God’s call and deepening their commitment to a life of prayer and service.
    • Rule of Life: Contemplatives and religious communities often follow a rule of life. Formation helps them embrace and live out their specific rule, which may involve vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
    • Community Life: Formation prepares individuals for the unique challenges and blessings of living in community, emphasizing cooperation, selflessness, and communal prayer.

Preparation for Holy Orders:

    • Theological Education: Seminarians undergo rigorous spiritual formation, including theological education, to prepare for holy orders. They study Scripture, theology, liturgy, and pastoral care.
    • Spiritual Discernment: Formation assists candidates in discerning their call to ordained ministry, helping them develop the spiritual and pastoral qualities required for leadership in the Church.
    • Integration of Faith and Ministry: It helps future clergy integrate their faith into their pastoral ministry, emphasizing the pastoral, sacramental, and teaching roles they will assume.


In summary, proper spiritual formation is a lifelong journey that encompasses initial catechesis, confirmation preparation, ongoing learning, contemplative and religious life, and preparation for holy orders. It is a dynamic process that empowers individuals to grow in faith, embrace their vocations, and become faithful witnesses to the Gospel in the world.

Purpose of the AWOC Catechism

The primary purpose of this particular Catechism is to provide a comprehensive and structured guide to the essential teachings and beliefs of the Christian faith, leading to Confirmation within the context of the Apostolic Western Orthodox Church. It serves as a valuable resource for individuals seeking to deepen their understanding of Christianity, nurture their spiritual growth, and live out their faith in daily life. Through this Catechism, we aim to offer clear and accessible explanations of key theological concepts, moral principles, and the rich heritage of our faith, helping believers to ground themselves in the timeless truths of Christianity.

Embracing the Wisdom of Thomas Aquinas

This Catechism draws inspiration from the profound theological insights of Thomas Aquinas, a prominent theologian and philosopher of the Catholic tradition. Aquinas’ work is characterized by a harmonious integration of faith and reason, which has greatly enriched the theological tradition. By incorporating his teachings and perspectives, we seek to emphasize the importance of engaging both heart and mind in the pursuit of a deeper understanding of the Christian faith. Aquinas’ contributions serve as a guiding light, reminding us of the compatibility between faith and rational thought.

Historical Background and Significance

The historical context of this Catechism is rooted in the enduring traditions of Christianity, particularly within the ancient Christian faith. It acknowledges the rich history of theological development, creeds, councils, and the contributions of theologians like Augustine, Aquinas, and others. By understanding this historical background, we can appreciate the continuity and universality of the Christian faith over centuries. The significance of this Catechism lies in its commitment to preserving the timeless truths of Christianity while providing a framework for contemporary believers to grow in their faith, engage in thoughtful reflection, and deepen their relationship with God.

The Foundations of Faith

The Triune God

The Father’s Role in Creation

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, we embark on a foundational exploration of faith by delving into the profound understanding of the Triune God. As we begin, we recognize the Father as the first person of the Holy Trinity and the sovereign creator of all things. It is crucial to grasp the Father’s central role in bringing the universe into existence through His divine will, wisdom, and boundless love. This understanding illuminates the majestic and sovereign nature of God as the ultimate source of all that exists:

The Father as the First Person of the Holy Trinity:

Our faith begins with a deep appreciation of the Triune God — Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Father stands as the first person of the Holy Trinity, co-eternal and co-equal with the Son and the Spirit. This divine relationship is the foundation of our belief.

The Creator of All Things:

It is the Father who takes center stage as the creator of the universe. Through His divine will and wisdom, He spoke creation into being, fashioning the cosmos and everything within it. This act of creation reflects His sovereign authority and omnipotence.

Divine Will and Wisdom:

The Father’s creative act emanates from His divine will and wisdom. His will is the origin of all existence, while His wisdom governs the order and purpose woven into the fabric of creation. Every aspect of the universe bears the imprint of His divine intention.

The Majesty and Sovereignty of God:

Recognizing the Father’s role in creation magnifies the majesty and sovereignty of God. He is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, from whom all things flow and to whom all things ultimately return. This awareness deepens our reverence and awe for the divine.

Source of All Existence:

The Father’s role as the creator establishes Him as the ultimate source of all existence. Every creature, every star, every atom owes its origin to His divine will. This profound truth instills a sense of purpose and meaning in the created order.

Theology of Creation:

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the theology of creation stands as a foundational aspect of our faith, providing profound insights into God’s creative act and His enduring relationship with the created world. This exploration extends to themes of stewardship, divine providence, and the inherent goodness of the created order, emphasizing the belief in creation “Ex Nihilo” (out of nothing) as opposed to the concept of evolution:

Creation “Ex Nihilo”:

The theology of creation asserts the concept of creation “Ex Nihilo,” which means “out of nothing.” This foundational belief affirms that God brought the universe into existence by His divine will and creative power, without the need for pre-existing materials or processes. It underscores God’s omnipotence as the sole originator of all that exists.

Divine Stewardship:

Stewardship is a central theme within the theology of creation. It highlights humanity’s role as stewards of God’s creation, entrusted with the responsibility to care for and nurture the world. This stewardship extends not only to the physical environment but also to relationships, communities, and the ethical treatment of all living beings.

Providence and Sustaining Love:

Divine providence is an integral aspect of the theology of creation. It underscores God’s ongoing involvement in His creation, providing for its needs and guiding its course. God’s sustaining love is evident in the intricate balance and order of the natural world, reflecting His care and concern for His creation.

Inherent Goodness of Creation:

The theology of creation celebrates the inherent goodness of the created world. It affirms that, in its original state, creation reflected God’s perfect design and purpose. Despite the effects of sin and brokenness, the goodness of creation endures, awaiting the ultimate restoration in God’s redemptive plan.

Human Responsibility and Ethical Living:

The recognition of stewardship and providence calls believers to ethical living and responsible care for the environment. It challenges us to address issues of environmental degradation, social justice, and the well-being of all God’s creatures, aligning our actions with God’s intentions for His creation.

Ongoing Relationship with the Creator:

The theology of creation emphasizes the ongoing relationship between the created and the Creator. God’s creative act is not a distant event but an ongoing interaction with His creation. This relationship invites believers to seek God’s presence in the natural world and to recognize His fingerprints in the beauty and complexity of creation.

Gratitude and Reverence:

The understanding of creation “Ex Nihilo” inspires gratitude and reverence. Believers are encouraged to approach the created world with awe, recognizing it as a gift from God and a reflection of His divine artistry.

Gratitude and Reverence:

The understanding of creation “Ex Nihilo” inspires gratitude and reverence. Believers are encouraged to approach the created world with awe, recognizing it as a gift from God and a reflection of His divine artistry.

A Counterpoint to Evolutionary Theories:

While the theology of creation emphasizes creation “Ex Nihilo,” it stands as a counterpoint to evolutionary theories that suggest natural processes as the primary mechanism for the development of life. It asserts the belief in God as the ultimate originator of life and the universe.

In summary, the section on “Theology of Creation” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism explores the profound understanding of God’s creative act and His ongoing relationship with His creation. It affirms creation “Ex Nihilo,” underscores themes of stewardship and providence, celebrates the inherent goodness of the created world, and calls believers to ethical living and responsible care. This theology deepens our connection with the Creator and invites us to approach the natural world with reverence, gratitude, and faith.

Implications for Faith:

Recognizing the Father’s role in creation has profound implications for our faith. It underscores the foundational belief in God as the sustainer and ruler of the universe. This understanding informs our worship, prayer, and ethical choices, grounding them in the recognition of God’s creative authority.

In summary, the section on “The Father’s Role in Creation” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism highlights the essential nature of God the Father as the sovereign creator of all things. It underscores His divine will and wisdom, magnifies His majesty and sovereignty, and establishes Him as the ultimate source of existence. This foundational understanding enriches our faith journey by grounding it in the recognition of God’s creative and sustaining power.

The Son (Jesus Christ) as the Incarnate Word:
Embracing the Profound Mystery of Redemption

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, central to our faith is the belief in Jesus Christ as the second person of the Trinity, who, out of boundless love, became incarnate for the salvation of humanity. This section delves into the profound and transformative mystery of the Incarnation, wherein the eternal Word of God took on human flesh, bridging the chasm between divinity and humanity to redeem us from sin and offer the gift of eternal life. This doctrine underscores the unparalleled role of Jesus Christ as our Savior and Redeemer:

The Second Person of the Trinity:

We acknowledge Jesus Christ as the second person of the Holy Trinity, co-eternal with the Father and the Holy Spirit. This divine relationship within the Trinity reveals the profound nature of God’s love and the extent to which God was willing to go for our redemption.2. The Mystery of the Incarnation:

The Incarnation is the heart of Christian faith—a divine mystery beyond human comprehension. It is the moment when the eternal Word, the Son of God, took on human nature, becoming fully God and fully human in the person of Jesus Christ. This act of divine condescension demonstrates God’s relentless pursuit of humanity’s reconciliation.

The Redemption of Humanity:

Through the Incarnation, Jesus Christ became the ultimate sacrifice for the redemption of humanity from sin. He bore the weight of our transgressions, offering the path to forgiveness, reconciliation with God, and the promise of eternal life.

The Bridge Between Divinity and Humanity:

Jesus Christ serves as the bridge between the divine and the human, making it possible for us to have a restored relationship with God. His dual nature, both fully divine and fully human, enables us to approach God with confidence, knowing that He understands our human experiences and weaknesses.

The Role of Jesus Christ as Savior and Redeemer:

The Incarnation underscores the unique role of Jesus Christ as our Savior and Redeemer. He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29). Belief in Him and acceptance of His sacrifice are foundational to our faith and the source of our hope for eternal life.

The Unfathomable Love of God:

The Incarnation demonstrates the unfathomable love of God for humanity. It reveals God’s willingness to enter into human existence, share in our joys and sorrows, and ultimately offer the gift of salvation. This divine love calls us to respond with gratitude, love, and devotion.

The Foundation of Christian Hope:

The Incarnation is the foundation of Christian hope. It assures us that, through Christ, we have access to the grace of God, the promise of forgiveness, and the hope of eternal communion with our Creator. This hope sustains us through life’s challenges and trials.


In summary, the section on “The Son (Jesus Christ) as the Incarnate Word” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism celebrates the profound mystery of the Incarnation. It highlights the role of Jesus Christ as the Savior and Redeemer, the bridge between divinity and humanity, and the embodiment of God’s boundless love for us. This doctrine is central to our faith, offering hope, reconciliation, and the assurance of eternal life through Christ.


The Holy Spirit’s Work in Sanctification:

Empowering Transformation and Spiritual Growth

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, we delve into the profound and transformative role of the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Holy Trinity, in the life of every believer. The Holy Spirit’s work in sanctification is a central aspect of Christian faith, guiding us in our journey toward holiness and empowering us for a life of purpose and devotion. This section explores the multifaceted role of the Holy Spirit and its significance in deepening our appreciation for the ongoing work of God in our lives.

The Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity – 1

We acknowledge the Holy Spirit as the third person of the Holy Trinity, co-equal and co-eternal with the Father and the Son. This divine triunity reflects the harmonious work of God in creation, redemption, and sanctification.

The Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity – 2

The Transformative Work of the Holy Spirit:

The Holy Spirit’s role in sanctification is to transform believers, conforming them to the image of Christ. This transformation is a lifelong process that involves the renewal of the mind, heart, and character of the believer.

The Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity – 3

Guidance and Illumination:

Through the Holy Spirit, believers receive guidance and illumination. The Spirit helps us understand Scripture, discern God’s will, and navigate the complexities of life. It serves as a divine counselor, directing our steps and deepening our relationship with God.

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Comfort and Assurance:

The Holy Spirit provides comfort and assurance in times of trials and tribulations. It is the source of peace and solace, reminding us of God’s presence and faithfulness, even in the midst of challenges.

The Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity – 5

Empowerment for Service:

The Holy Spirit equips believers with spiritual gifts necessary for service in the Church and the world. These gifts empower us to minister to others, share the Gospel, and contribute to the edification of the body of Christ.

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Sanctification and Holiness:

Sanctification is the process of becoming holy, set apart for God’s purposes. The Holy Spirit plays a pivotal role in this journey, enabling believers to grow in holiness, righteousness, and love. It empowers us to overcome sin and live in accordance with God’s will.

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Deepening Our Appreciation:

Understanding the role of the Holy Spirit deepens our appreciation for God’s ongoing work in our lives. It reminds us that we are not alone in our faith journey but are continually guided, empowered, and transformed by the indwelling Spirit.

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Active Participation:

While the Holy Spirit is at work in sanctification, believers are called to actively cooperate with the Spirit’s transformative work. This involves surrendering to God’s will, cultivating spiritual disciplines, and seeking a deeper intimacy with the divine.

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Fruit of the Spirit:

The Holy Spirit produces the fruit of the Spirit in the lives of believers, which includes love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control (Galatians 5:22-23). These virtues become evident as the Spirit sanctifies and shapes our character.

The Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity – 10

Section Summary

In summary, the section on “The Holy Spirit’s Work in Sanctification” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism underscores the vital role of the Holy Spirit in empowering transformation and spiritual growth. It explores the multifaceted work of the Spirit, from guidance and comfort to empowerment for service and sanctification. Recognizing the Holy Spirit’s presence and active participation in our lives deepens our appreciation for God’s ongoing work and fosters a more profound relationship with the divine.

Understanding the Sacred Scriptures – 1

Embracing Divine Revelation

Within the framework of the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the authority of Scripture is a cornerstone of our belief system. It stands as the inspired and authoritative Word of God, serving as a profound source of divine revelation and guidance for the faithful. Here, we delve into the significance of the Bible, encompassing both the Old and New Testaments, as a wellspring of God’s truth:

Understanding the Sacred Scriptures – 2

Divine Inspiration

Sacred Scripture is not merely a collection of human writings but a product of divine inspiration. The belief in the Holy Spirit’s guidance of human authors ensures that the words contained within the Bible convey divine truths and messages. As such, the Bible serves as a direct channel through which God communicates with humanity.

Understanding the Sacred Scriptures – 3

A Source of Wisdom and Knowledge

The study of Scripture equips believers with profound wisdom and knowledge essential for navigating the complexities of life. It offers spiritual insights, moral guidance, and a deep understanding of God’s character and His plan for humanity. The Bible becomes a wellspring of comfort, solace, and direction in times of uncertainty.

Understanding the Sacred Scriptures – 4

A Foundation of Faith

Scripture forms the bedrock of our faith, providing a clear and reliable foundation upon which we build our relationship with God. It contains the narratives of God’s covenant with His people, the teachings of Jesus Christ, and the testimony of early Christian communities. These narratives and teachings serve as the blueprint for our beliefs and practices.

Understanding the Sacred Scriptures – 5

Encouraging Personal Encounter

The study of Scripture fosters a personal encounter with God. As believers engage with the text, they discover that it is not merely a historical account but a living and transformative encounter with the Divine. The Bible invites believers into a dialogue with God, deepening their faith and intimacy with Him.

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 1

Nurturing Continuity and Wisdom

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, tradition holds a significant role alongside Scripture in understanding and interpreting the Christian faith. Tradition encompasses apostolic tradition, the teachings of the early Church Fathers, and the insights of theologians like Thomas Aquinas. This recognition underscores the importance of tradition in grasping the continuity of faith and the wisdom passed down through generations:

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 2

Apostolic Tradition

Apostolic tradition is the faithful transmission of the teachings and practices of the apostles. It serves as a bridge between the early Church and contemporary believers, ensuring the preservation of essential Christian truths. Apostolic tradition reinforces the enduring relevance of the Gospel message.

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 3

Wisdom of the Early Church Fathers

The writings of the early Church Fathers provide valuable insights into the interpretation of Scripture and the development of Christian doctrine. These theologians and leaders of the early Church offer a historical and theological context that aids in understanding the beliefs and practices of the early Christian communities.

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 4

Theological Insights

Theological giants like Thomas Aquinas offer profound insights into the interpretation of Scripture. Their rigorous intellectual engagement with the faith enriches our understanding of complex theological concepts, contributing to the ongoing development of Christian thought.

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Continuity of Faith

Recognizing the importance of tradition allows believers to connect with the rich tapestry of Christian history. It highlights the unbroken thread of faith that spans centuries, reaffirming the unity of the Church and its timeless commitment to the Gospel.

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 6

Guarding Against Misinterpretation:

Tradition serves as a safeguard against misinterpretations of Scripture. By grounding our interpretation in the wisdom of those who have gone before us, we mitigate the risk of distorting the intended message of the Bible.

The Role of Tradition in Interpretation – 7

Section Summary

In summary, the section on “The Authority of Scripture and Tradition” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism underscores the pivotal role of Scripture as divine revelation and the importance of tradition as a repository of wisdom and continuity. This balanced approach allows believers to navigate life’s challenges while remaining firmly rooted in God’s truth and the timeless insights of the Christian tradition. It also provides a robust response to conflicts with the “sola scriptura” perspective by emphasizing the complementary nature of Scripture and tradition in understanding and living out the Christian faith.

Nicene and Apostles’ Creeds

Affirming the Nicene Creed’s Trinitarian Doctrine

The Nicene Creed, also known as the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, is a statement of faith that is used by many Christian denominations, including the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Nicene Creed was formulated during the First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD and later expanded at the First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD. Here is the Orthodox version of the Nicene Creed:

“I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the only-begotten, begotten of the Father before all ages; Light of Light, true God of true God; begotten, not made, of one essence with the Father, by whom all things were made;

Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven, and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and became man;

And He was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered, and was buried;

And the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures;

And ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of the Father;

And He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, Whose kingdom shall have no end.

And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceeds from the Father; Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; Who spoke by the prophets.

In one Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.

I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins.

I look for the resurrection of the dead,

And the life of the world to come. Amen.”

This Nicene Creed affirms the Orthodox Christian beliefs in the Holy Trinity, the Incarnation of Christ, His crucifixion and resurrection, the role of the Holy Spirit, the unity of the Church, baptism, and the hope for the future resurrection and eternal life. It is a foundational statement of faith for Orthodox Christians and is often recited during liturgical worship.


The Apostles’ Creed as a Statement of Faith

The Apostles’ Creed, another ancient statement of faith, The Apostles’ Creed is one of the oldest and most widely accepted creeds in Christianity. It is a concise statement of faith that summarizes the essential beliefs of the Christian faith. Here is the text of the Apostles’ Creed:

“I believe in God, the Father Almighty,

Creator of heaven and earth.

I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord,

who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,

born of the Virgin Mary,

suffered under Pontius Pilate,

was crucified, died, and was buried;

He descended to the dead.

On the third day, He rose again;

He ascended into heaven,

He is seated at the right hand of the Father,

and He will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,

the holy catholic Church,

the communion of saints,

the forgiveness of sins,

the resurrection of the body,

and the life everlasting. Amen.”

The Apostles’ Creed emphasizes belief in the triune God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, the role of the Church, the forgiveness of sins, and the hope of eternal life. It is called the Apostles’ Creed because it is traditionally believed to have been a summary of the apostles’ teachings and an early statement of Christian faith. This creed is used in various Christian denominations and holds a central place in Christian worship and doctrine.

In these foundational sections, we lay the groundwork for a deeper exploration of the Christian faith, building upon the wisdom of Thomas Aquinas and the historical significance of our traditions.

The Nature of Humanity

Creation in the Image of God

To understand humanity’s nature, we begin with the belief that each individual is created in the image of God. This divine imprint on every human being emphasizes the inherent dignity, worth, and value of every person. Exploring this concept deepens our appreciation for the sanctity of human life and our responsibility to honor and protect it.

Original Sin and Fallen Human Nature

We delve into the doctrine of original sin, acknowledging the reality of human disobedience and the resulting fallen nature. Original sin reminds us of our need for redemption and reconciliation with God. Understanding this doctrine invites us to reflect on the human condition and our dependence on God’s grace for salvation.

Redemption through Christ’s Sacrifice

Central to our faith is the belief in Christ’s redemptive work on the cross. We explore the significance of Christ’s atonement, recognizing that through His sacrifice, we find forgiveness of sins and the promise of eternal life. Embracing Christ as our Redeemer underscores the transformative power of His love and grace in our lives.


The Life of Faith

Sacraments of Initiation: Repentance and Conversion

In the journey of faith, the Sacraments of Initiation play a vital role in our salvation. We begin with the sacrament of repentance, acknowledging its significance as the initial step towards reconciliation with God. Through repentance, we humbly recognize and turn away from our sins, fostering a contrite spirit. This sacramental act aligns us with the apostolic traditions and reflects our commitment to doing the will of the Father. It is not a work of self-righteousness but an act of faithfulness to the call of Christ.

The process of conversion, deeply rooted in these sacraments, is ongoing. It entails aligning our lives with the teachings and values of the Gospel, reflecting a heart that earnestly seeks transformation. Conversion, as initiated through repentance, signifies our fidelity to the apostolic traditions and our desire to live in accordance with the will of the Father.

Sacraments of Initiation: Faith and Justification

Within the context of the Sacraments of Initiation, faith holds a central place. It is not merely an intellectual assent but a profound trust in God’s promises and a reliance on His grace for salvation. Through faith, we enter into a covenant relationship with God, embracing the apostolic traditions that have been faithfully handed down through the ages. It is not a work of self-justification but an act of profound faithfulness to the teachings of Christ.

Justification, a divine act rooted in these sacraments, declares us righteous before God. It is not a product of our own efforts but a manifestation of God’s grace. As we partake in the Sacraments of Initiation, we are assured of our standing before God, grounded in our faithfulness to the apostolic traditions and our adherence to God’s will.

Sacraments of Initiation: Sanctification and Holiness

The journey of faith, within the context of the Sacraments of Initiation, is marked by the ongoing process of sanctification. The Holy Spirit, working within us through these sacraments, strives to conform us to the image of Christ. Sanctification is not a human endeavor but a divine work, emphasizing the transformative power of God’s grace.


Our pursuit of holiness, rooted in these sacraments, reflects our fidelity to apostolic traditions and our desire to live in accordance with God’s will. It is an acknowledgement of God’s grace at work in our lives, shaping our character and enabling us to walk in the footsteps of Christ. Holiness, within the framework of these sacraments, signifies our commitment to living a life faithful to the teachings of the apostles and the will of the Father.

Prayer and Worship

Prayer and worship are vital aspects of the Christian life. We delve into the significance of prayer as communication with God and worship as the adoration and praise of our Creator. These practices cultivate a deeper relationship with God and strengthen our faith.

In these sections, we explore the core aspects of the Christian faith, including humanity’s nature, the path to redemption, and the life of faith. These foundational teachings shape our understanding of ourselves as believers and our relationship with God.



The Church and Sacraments

The classic understanding of the Sacraments in Christianity is rooted in the teachings of the early Church fathers and has been articulated and refined over centuries. This understanding is most commonly associated with the Catholic and Orthodox Christian traditions, but many aspects are shared with other Christian denominations as well. Here is a classic understanding of the Sacraments:

  1. Sacraments as Outward Signs: Sacraments are visible and tangible signs and symbols instituted by Christ Himself. They are outward manifestations of God’s grace, conveying spiritual truths through physical elements. These elements include water (in baptism), bread, and wine (in the Eucharist), oil (in anointing), and laying on of hands (in confirmation and ordination), among others.
  2. Means of Grace: Sacraments are means through which God’s grace is communicated to believers. They are not mere rituals but encounters with the living God. In the act of receiving a sacrament, individuals open themselves to God’s transformative presence and receive His divine life, forgiveness, strength, and guidance.
  3. Institution by Christ: It is believed that Jesus Christ instituted the sacraments during His earthly ministry. For example, He instituted the Eucharist at the Last Supper when He said, “This is my body… This is my blood.” Christ’s actions and words during His ministry are seen as the basis for the sacraments.
  4. Effectual Signs: Sacraments are believed to be effective in conveying grace. This means that when they are celebrated with faith and in the proper manner, they truly communicate the grace they signify. The efficacy of the sacraments is not dependent on the worthiness of the celebrant but on God’s promise.
  5. Sacramental Presence: In some sacraments, there is a belief in the real presence of Christ. In the Eucharist, for example, many Christians believe that the bread and wine become the actual body and blood of Christ while retaining their outward appearance (transubstantiation in Catholicism, real presence in many Protestant denominations, and mystery in Orthodoxy).
  6. Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism, Confirmation (Chrismation in the Orthodox tradition), and the Eucharist are often referred to as the Sacraments of Initiation. These sacraments mark the entry of an individual into the Christian faith, the receiving of the Holy Spirit, and full participation in the life of the Church.
  7. Sacraments of Healing: Anointing of the Sick (or Unction) and Reconciliation (Confession) are considered Sacraments of Healing. They are meant to bring physical, emotional, and spiritual healing and reconciliation with God and the Church.
  8. Sacraments of Service: Marriage and Holy Orders (ordination) are known as Sacraments of Service or Vocation. They are seen as special callings by which individuals serve God and the Church, either through married life or ordained ministry.
  9. Sacraments in the Context of the Church: Sacraments are celebrated within the context of the Christian community, the Church. They often involve the participation of clergy, but the whole community is seen as the Body of Christ, and the sacraments strengthen the bonds of unity among believers.
  10. Sacraments and Salvation: The classic understanding of the sacraments is that they are channels of God’s grace and are intimately connected to the process of salvation. Through the sacraments, individuals are incorporated into the Body of Christ, receive forgiveness, and are empowered to live a life of faith and holiness.

The Church as the Body of Christ:

Unity, Discipleship, and the Sacraments of Initiation

In the context of the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the understanding of the Church as the Body of Christ emphasizes not only unity, mutual support, and collective worship within the Christian community but also underscores the significance of the Sacraments of Initiation. While the Church is a community of believers united by faith in Jesus Christ, the ancient faith places particular emphasis on the transformative role of these sacraments in the life of the Church and its members:

A Community United by Faith:

The Church is recognized as a sacred community of believers who have professed their faith in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. It is a gathering of diverse individuals, bound together by their shared commitment to Christ and their participation in the Sacraments of Initiation.


Unity in the Sacraments:

The unity of the Church is not only spiritual but is also sacramental. Through the Sacraments of Initiation, namely Baptism, Chrismation (Confirmation), and the Eucharist, believers are initiated into the body of Christ. These sacraments mark the entry into the Christian life, infusing individuals with grace and consecrating them as members of the Church.

Mutual Support and Encouragement:

Within the Church, believers are called to love and serve one another, strengthened by the grace received through the sacraments. This mutual support extends beyond mere human effort, as the sacraments empower believers to extend Christ’s love to one another.


Collective Worship and Sacramental Life:

The Church’s collective worship is deeply intertwined with its sacramental life. Through the Eucharist, in particular, believers come together to partake in the real presence of Christ, reinforcing their communion with one another and their Lord.

The Narrow Path to Salvation and the Sacraments:

The Church, while a community of believers, also acknowledges the profound teachings of Jesus regarding the narrow path to salvation. It recognizes that the sacraments are not mere rituals but channels of divine grace that enable believers to live out their faith in obedience to Christ’s teachings.


Doing the Will of the Father through the Sacraments:

The call to do the will of the Father, as emphasized by Jesus, finds its fulfillment in the sacramental life of the Church. Baptism marks the initiation into a life of discipleship, Chrismation imparts the Holy Spirit for empowerment, and the Eucharist sustains and nourishes believers on their journey of faith.


The Transformative Role of the Sacraments:

The Ancient Christian Faith underscores the transformative role of the Sacraments of Initiation. They not only mark one’s entry into the Church but also equip individuals to actively participate in the mission of Christ, living out their faith with authenticity and devotion.


In summary, the section on “The Church as the Body of Christ” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism highlights the unity, mutual support, and collective worship within the Christian community while emphasizing the central role of the Sacraments of Initiation in the life of the Church and its members. These sacraments, deeply rooted in tradition, are seen as vital means of grace that empower believers to faithfully follow Christ and embody His teachings in their discipleship journey.


The Role of Tradition in Church Doctrine

The Church’s rich tradition serves as a guide for understanding doctrine and interpreting Scripture. We delve into the significance of tradition in preserving and transmitting the teachings of the apostles. Recognizing the role of tradition strengthens our connection to the historical roots of the faith and the continuity of Christian doctrine.


Baptism as Regeneration

Baptism is a sacrament of initiation into the Christian faith. We explore the transformative nature of baptism, which signifies spiritual rebirth and incorporation into the Body of Christ. Baptism reminds us of our identity as children of God and our commitment to live as disciples of Jesus.


Eucharist (Holy Communion) as Real Presence

The Eucharist is the source and summit of Christian life. We delve into the profound mystery of the Eucharist, where bread and wine become the real presence of Christ’s body and blood. Participation in the Eucharist nourishes our souls, deepens our union with Christ, and reinforces our communion with fellow believers.


Other Sacraments (e.g., Confirmation, Confession) as Means of Grace

We explore the various sacraments of the Church, including Confirmation and Confession. Confirmation strengthens our faith through the gift of the Holy Spirit, empowering us for Christian witness. Confession offers reconciliation with God and the Church, allowing for the forgiveness of sins. Understanding these sacraments enriches our spiritual journey and deepens our relationship with God.


Avoiding Errors and Embracing Aquinas’ Teachings


The Harmony of Faith and Reason

Drawing from the wisdom of Thomas Aquinas, we emphasize the compatibility of faith and reason. Aquinas’ philosophy underscores the importance of using reason to explore and understand the truths of the faith. We explore how embracing this harmony enriches our faith and intellectual engagement with theology.


The Magisterium’s Authority in Interpretation:

Safeguarding the Deposit of Faith

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the role of the Magisterium, the teaching authority of the Church, stands as a cornerstone in preserving, safeguarding, and interpreting the Christian faith. It is through the Magisterium that the Church carries out its sacred duty to guide believers in matters of doctrine and interpretation, ensuring the integrity of the faith. Let us delve into the significance of the Magisterium’s authority:

Authority Rooted in Apostolic Tradition:

The Magisterium’s authority is deeply rooted in apostolic tradition. It can trace its origins back to Christ’s commission to the apostles to teach and make disciples of all nations. This unbroken chain of apostolic succession ensures that the Magisterium’s authority is passed down through the ages, maintaining the continuity of authentic Christian teaching.


Preserving Doctrinal Unity:

One of the primary roles of the Magisterium is to preserve doctrinal unity within the Church. It serves as a guardian of the deposit of faith, protecting it from distortions, heresies, and theological errors. By providing authoritative interpretations of Scripture and tradition, the Magisterium helps maintain the unity of belief among Catholics worldwide.


Guiding in Matters of Doctrine:

The Magisterium provides clarity and guidance on matters of doctrine, especially in cases where theological controversies arise. Through councils, encyclicals, and other official teachings, the Magisterium offers authoritative answers to questions of faith and morals, helping believers understand and apply the teachings of Christ.


Ensuring Faithful Interpretation:

The Magisterium plays a pivotal role in ensuring that the interpretation of Scripture and tradition remains faithful to the original intent of the apostles and to the teachings of Christ. This commitment to faithful interpretation helps prevent the distortion of core Christian beliefs.


Safeguarding Against Errors:

Throughout history, the Magisterium has been instrumental in safeguarding the Church against theological errors and heresies. By providing clear and authoritative teachings, it offers believers a reliable guide to discern true doctrine from falsehood.

Fostering Obedience and Unity:

Submission to the Magisterium’s authority fosters obedience and unity within the Church. It encourages believers to trust in the Church’s teaching office and to avoid the pitfalls of individualism in matters of faith. This obedience is seen as an act of trust in Christ, who entrusted the Church with the authority to teach in His name.


Nurturing Spiritual Growth:

The Magisterium’s guidance not only preserves doctrinal integrity but also nurtures the spiritual growth of believers. By providing clear and authoritative teachings, it equips individuals to deepen their faith, live out their Christian calling, and grow in their relationship with God.


In summary, the section on “The Magisterium’s Authority in Interpretation” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism underscores the pivotal role of the Magisterium in safeguarding and interpreting the Christian faith. It highlights the importance of submitting to the Magisterium’s guidance as a means to preserve doctrinal unity, guard against theological error, and ensure the faithful interpretation of Scripture and tradition in accordance with the teachings of Christ and the apostles.


Sacramental Theology in Aquinas’ Perspective

Delving into Aquinas’ sacramental theology, we gain insights into the transformative power of the sacraments. Aquinas’ teachings highlight the sacraments as means of grace, drawing us closer to God. We explore how sacramental theology deepens our understanding of the Church’s sacramental life.


Submission to Church Authority in Matters of Doctrine

Recognizing the authority of the Church in matters of doctrine fosters unity and doctrinal clarity. We explore the importance of submitting to the Church’s authority, avoiding private interpretation, and embracing the Church’s guidance in theological matters.


In this section, we engage with the teachings of Thomas Aquinas and emphasize the importance of aligning our faith with reason, tradition, and the authoritative teachings of the Church. Aquinas’ insights enrich our understanding of theology and guide us in avoiding errors that may arise in theological interpretation.


Moral and Ethical Teaching

Love of God and Neighbor

We delve into the core ethical principle of loving God and loving our neighbors as ourselves. This commandment, central to Christian ethics, guides our moral choices and actions. Embracing this love empowers us to live lives characterized by compassion, kindness, and justice.


The Moral Framework Derived from Natural Law

Natural law is a foundational concept in Christian ethics, reflecting the inherent moral order in the universe. We explore how natural law serves as a guide for discerning right and wrong, aligning our actions with God’s moral design. Understanding this framework helps us make ethical decisions rooted in objective truth.


AWOC Teachings Regarding human Sexuality

The Sanctity of Human Sexuality

Within the framework of the Ancient Christian Faith, human sexuality is regarded as a sacred and precious gift from God. It is an essential aspect of the divine plan for the flourishing of humanity. Recognizing this sanctity underscores the importance of approaching sexual matters with reverence, responsibility, and adherence to traditional Christian principles.


Foundations in Scriptural Teachings

The traditional understanding of sexual morality draws deeply from the Scriptures, both Old and New Testaments. In the Bible, sexual ethics are firmly rooted in God’s intention for human relationships. The emphasis on the sacredness of marriage, the fidelity of spouses, and the avoidance of sexual immorality provides a solid foundation for traditional Christian sexual ethics.


The Covenant of Marriage

Marriage is esteemed as a sacred covenant within traditional Christian teaching. It is a union between one man and one woman, designed to reflect the profound love and commitment between Christ and His Church. This traditional view underscores the lifelong nature of marriage, the mutual support of spouses, and the openness to the gift of children.


Chastity and Purity

Traditional Christian sexual morality promotes the virtues of chastity and purity. Chastity involves the responsible use of one’s sexuality in accordance with one’s state in life, be it in marriage or celibacy. Purity encompasses the call to maintain both physical and moral purity in thought, word, and deed. These virtues encourage believers to guard their hearts and minds and to live virtuous lives in all aspects of their relationships.

Respect for Human Dignity

The traditional understanding of sexual morality places great emphasis on respecting the dignity of every individual. It rejects any form of exploitation, objectification, or dehumanization in sexual relationships. Instead, it upholds the inherent worth of each person, created in the image of God, and calls for relationships built on love, consent, and mutual respect.

Ancient Christian Understanding of Same-Sex Sexual Relations

Ancient Christian tradition has generally held that sexual relations are to be reserved for the sacred covenant of marriage between one man and one woman. This traditional perspective is based on interpretations of certain biblical passages that have been historically understood as prohibiting same-sex sexual activity.

Redemption and Forgiveness

Traditional Christian sexual morality acknowledges human imperfection and the reality of sin. However, it also emphasizes the availability of God’s forgiveness and redemption through Christ. Those who have fallen short of the ideals of sexual morality are invited to seek God’s mercy and healing, recognizing that redemption is possible through repentance and grace.

Preservation of Social Harmony

A traditional understanding of sexual morality extends beyond individual choices to the well-being of families and society as a whole. It recognizes that stable and loving families are the building blocks of strong communities. Upholding traditional sexual ethics contributes to the preservation of social harmony and the flourishing of society.

In summary, the traditional understanding of sexual morality within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism is firmly rooted in Scripture, Church teachings, and the belief in the sanctity of human sexuality. It guides believers in living virtuous and responsible lives, respecting human dignity, and fostering loving and faithful relationships in accordance with the timeless principles of the Christian faith. The mention of the Ancient Christian Understanding of same-sex sexual relations reflects the historical perspective within the broader context of traditional Christian sexual ethics.


Virtues and Christian Ethics in the Thomistic Tradition:

Cultivating Moral Excellence and Guiding Ethical Choices

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the Thomistic tradition offers profound insights into the significance of virtues in shaping our character and guiding our ethical choices. Drawing from the teachings of Saint Thomas Aquinas, this section delves into the transformative power of virtues, such as prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance, in the pursuit of a virtuous and morally upright life. It provides a comprehensive exploration of how these virtues, deeply embedded in the Christian ethical framework, contribute to the cultivation of moral excellence:


Prudence: The Virtue of Practical Wisdom:

  • Prudence is the ability to make sound and wise judgments in practical matters. It involves discerning what is good and choosing the right course of action in specific situations. In the Thomistic tradition, prudence is seen as the “charioteer of the virtues,” guiding and directing them toward moral excellence.


Justice: The Virtue of Righteousness and Fairness:

Justice encompasses the moral quality of treating others with fairness, equity, and respect. It involves rendering to each person what is due to them and upholding the rights and dignity of all. In the Thomistic perspective, justice is a cornerstone of social and ethical life, promoting harmony and equity in human interactions.


Fortitude: The Virtue of Courage and Endurance:

  • Fortitude is the moral strength to face difficulties, challenges, and even danger with courage and resilience. It empowers individuals to persevere in pursuing what is right, even in the face of adversity. In the Thomistic tradition, fortitude is celebrated as the virtue that bolsters one’s commitment to moral principles.


Temperance: The Virtue of Self-Control and Moderation:

Temperance is the virtue that governs one’s desires and appetites, promoting self-control, moderation, and balance. It helps individuals resist excessive indulgence and find harmony in their desires. In the Thomistic view, temperance enables individuals to live a virtuous life by avoiding the extremes of excess and deficiency.


Cultivating Moral Excellence:

The Thomistic tradition emphasizes that the development of virtues is essential for cultivating moral excellence. Virtues are not innate traits but are acquired through practice and habituation. They are seen as the building blocks of a virtuous character, guiding individuals toward a life of ethical integrity and righteousness. 

Guiding Ethical Choices:

  • Virtues serve as moral compasses, guiding individuals in making ethical choices. In challenging situations, the virtues inform one’s judgment, helping them discern the right course of action in alignment with Christian ethics. They enable believers to navigate complex moral dilemmas with clarity and integrity.


Integration with Christian Faith:

The Thomistic tradition integrates these virtues with the Christian faith, emphasizing that their development is inextricably linked to the life of faith. Virtues help believers live out the teachings of Christ and embody His love, compassion, and righteousness in their daily lives.


A Lifelong Journey:

The cultivation of virtues is viewed as a lifelong journey. It requires ongoing self-reflection, practice, and a reliance on God’s grace. Believers are encouraged to continually strive for moral excellence, recognizing that the development of virtues is a dynamic and transformative process.

In summary, the section on “Virtues and Christian Ethics in the Thomistic Tradition” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism delves into the profound teachings of Saint Thomas Aquinas regarding the importance of virtues in shaping character and guiding ethical choices. These virtues, deeply rooted in Christian ethics, are celebrated as transformative forces that enable individuals to cultivate moral excellence and live in alignment with the teachings of Christ.


Christian Hope

The Second Coming of Christ

Christian hope is anchored in the belief in the second coming of Christ. We explore the anticipation of Christ’s return, emphasizing the fulfillment of God’s plan for the redemption of creation. This hope encourages us to live with an eternal perspective, preparing for the glorious return of our Lord.

Resurrection and Eternal Life

The resurrection of the dead and the promise of eternal life are central to our Christian hope. We delve into the significance of the resurrection, which assures us of our own future resurrection and the hope of eternal communion with God. This hope provides comfort in times of sorrow and reassurance in the face of mortality.

Participating in the Kingdom of God

The kingdom of God is both a present reality and a future hope. We explore how we can actively participate in building God’s kingdom on earth through acts of love, justice, and mercy. Understanding our role in advancing the kingdom fosters a sense of purpose and mission in our Christian journey.


Practical Christian Living

Marriage and Family Life

Marriage and Family Life: Nurturing Faith, Love, and Unity. Within the framework of the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the institution of marriage and the significance of family life are regarded as sacred and foundational to the Christian experience. In this section, we delve into the profound aspects of marriage and family, recognizing them as essential components of Christian living:

Marriage as a Sacred Vocation:

Marriage is not merely a social contract but a sacred vocation, a divine calling. It is viewed as a covenant, echoing the covenantal relationship between Christ and His Church. Just as Christ’s love for the Church is unwavering, so too should be the love between spouses. Christian marriage is seen as a partnership in faith and love, grounded in God’s design for human relationships.


Reflection of Christ’s Love:

Christian marriage is considered a visible reflection of Christ’s love for the Church. As Christ selflessly gave Himself for the Church, spouses are called to love and serve each other sacrificially. The love within a Christian marriage is not rooted in self-interest but in the imitation of Christ’s love, which knows no bounds.

Source of Love and Unity:

The Christian family is envisioned as a wellspring of love and unity. It serves as the primary nurturing ground for faith and character development. Within the family, love is not merely an emotion but an action, demonstrated through mutual support, forgiveness, and selflessness. Unity within the family is sought through shared values, prayer, and a commitment to the well-being of each family member.

Nurturing Faith:

The family is the first and most influential teacher of faith. Christian parents are entrusted with the responsibility of imparting religious education and nurturing the faith of their children. This involves not only teaching doctrinal truths but also modeling a life of faith through prayer, worship, and moral guidance.


Cultivating Love:

Love within the Christian family extends beyond marital love to encompass the love between parents and children and among siblings. It is a love that respects each person’s inherent dignity, fostering an environment where all family members feel valued, secure, and cherished.


Fostering Unity:

Unity within the Christian family is cultivated through open communication, reconciliation, and shared experiences. Families are encouraged to pray together, engage in acts of service, and celebrate religious traditions, strengthening their bonds and reinforcing their shared commitment to Christ.


Encouraging Outreach:

Christian families are called not only to nurture their internal faith and love but also to extend these virtues beyond their households. They are encouraged to engage in acts of service, hospitality, and charity, reflecting the love of Christ to the world.


In summary, the section on “Marriage and Family Life” underscores the sacredness of these institutions within the Christian tradition. It emphasizes the vocation of marriage, the reflection of Christ’s love, and the importance of nurturing faith, love, and unity within Christian families. It recognizes that the family unit is not only a place of personal growth but also a vital building block of a strong and loving Christian community.

Work and Stewardship:

Embracing Labor with Purpose and Responsibility

In the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the principles of work and stewardship are deeply rooted in the Christian worldview. These principles extend beyond mere economic considerations to encompass a profound understanding of labor as a sacred calling and stewardship as a moral responsibility. Let us delve into the significance of work and stewardship within the context of Christian living:


Work as a Divine Calling:

Within the Christian tradition, work is not simply a means of earning a livelihood but a calling from God. Just as God created and continues to sustain the world through His work, human labor is a participation in God’s creative and sustaining activity. Thus, work takes on a deeper sense of purpose and dignity.


Dignity of Labor:

The Christian perspective on work upholds the inherent dignity of every form of labor. Whether one works with their hands or engages in intellectual pursuits, all work is valuable and worthy of respect. Every worker is seen as an image-bearer of God, and their labor contributes to the betterment of society and the stewardship of God’s creation.


Ethical Conduct in Work:

Christian ethics extend to the workplace, emphasizing honesty, integrity, and fairness in all professional interactions. Believers are encouraged to work diligently and ethically, reflecting the virtues of Christ in their professional endeavors. 

Stewardship of God’s Creation:

Stewardship, in the Christian tradition, underscores the responsibility of humanity to care for God’s creation. The Earth and its resources are considered gifts from God, and humans are entrusted with their responsible management. This includes not only environmental stewardship but also responsible use of financial resources and talents.


Care for the Vulnerable:

Christian stewardship extends to caring for the marginalized and vulnerable in society. Believers are called to use their resources to alleviate the suffering of others, practicing acts of charity and compassion. This reflects the teachings of Jesus, who emphasized caring for the least among us.

Generosity and Giving:

Christian stewardship goes beyond the prudent management of resources; it includes a spirit of generosity and sacrificial giving. Christians are encouraged to tithe and contribute to charitable causes, recognizing that all they possess ultimately belongs to God.

Responsible Use of Gifts and Talents:

Stewardship encompasses the responsible use of individual gifts and talents. Christians are encouraged to use their unique abilities for the greater good, serving both the Church and the broader community.

A Balanced Approach:

The Christian perspective on work and stewardship promotes a balanced approach to life. It acknowledges the importance of work and productivity but also emphasizes the need for rest, Sabbath observance, and time dedicated to worship and spiritual renewal.

In summary, the section on “Work and Stewardship” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism underscores the Christian understanding of work as a divine calling and stewardship as a moral responsibility. It encourages believers to embrace labor with a sense of purpose, to uphold the dignity of all forms of work, and to responsibly manage the resources and talents entrusted to them for the betterment of society and the greater glory of God.


Christianity’s Call to Social Justice and Compassion:

Guiding Principles for Ethical Christian Living

Within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism, the call to pursue social justice and exhibit compassion for the marginalized and vulnerable is deeply rooted in Christian ethics. This section explores these principles, emphasizing our Christian duty to advocate for the rights and dignity of all people, while also addressing the importance of avoiding the pitfalls of politically correct or socialist ideals:

The Pursuit of Social Justice:

Christianity teaches us to champion social justice, rooted in the belief that every human being is created in the image of God and possesses inherent worth and dignity. This pursuit is guided by biblical principles of equity, fairness, and righteousness. It is important to note that the Christian approach to social justice is rooted in biblical teachings and transcends political ideologies.


Avoiding Ideological Extremes:

  • While Christians are called to pursue social justice, it is essential to avoid ideological extremes that may distort the message or compromise Christian ethics. The emphasis should be on a balanced and biblically grounded approach, free from the influence of politically correct or socialist ideals.

Advocating for Human Rights:

Compassion compels us to advocate for the rights and dignity of all people, especially the marginalized and vulnerable. This advocacy extends to issues such as poverty alleviation, the protection of human life from conception to natural death, and the promotion of freedom of conscience and religion.


Empathy and Action:

Compassion is not merely a sentiment but a call to action. It drives us to respond to human suffering with empathy and practical assistance. As Christians, we are encouraged to embody Christ’s love by reaching out to those in need, addressing physical, emotional, and spiritual needs.

Ethical Living:

Ethical living is at the heart of Christian discipleship. It involves making choices and decisions that align with Christian values and principles. Ethical living encompasses honesty, integrity, and a commitment to righteousness in all aspects of life, including work, relationships, and civic engagement.

Anchoring Hope in Faith:

Christian ethics are rooted in faith, and hope is a central component of this faith. Believers are encouraged to anchor their hope in the promises of God and to find strength and perseverance in the assurance of His ultimate justice and redemption.

Transforming the World Through Love:

Practical application of Christian principles to everyday life involves living out one’s faith in a way that reflects Christ’s love. This includes acts of kindness, forgiveness, reconciliation, and a commitment to be agents of positive change in the world.

Equipping Believers for Ethical Living:

The guidance provided in these sections equips believers to navigate the complexities of contemporary life while remaining steadfast in their Christian faith. It serves as a framework for ethical living, emphasizing the importance of humility, prayer, and reliance on the Holy Spirit.

In summary, the section on “Christianity’s Call to Social Justice and Compassion” within the Ancient Christian Faith Catechism underscores the Christian duty to pursue social justice and exhibit compassion, rooted in biblical principles. It also emphasizes the need to avoid ideological extremes while advocating for human rights and engaging in ethical living. These principles provide a solid foundation for believers to live out their faith in a way that reflects Christ’s love and actively contributes to the transformation of the world around them.

The Communion of Saints

Intercession of Saints in Catholic Tradition

In the Catholic tradition, we explore the practice of invoking the intercession of saints. We discuss the belief that saints, as members of the Church triumphant, can pray on behalf of those on earth. Understanding this aspect of Catholic devotion deepens our connection to the communion of saints and highlights the bond that transcends earthly life.

Drawing Inspiration from Saints’ Lives

The lives of saints serve as powerful sources of inspiration and guidance for believers. We examine how the examples of saints throughout history, including Thomas Aquinas and others, can inspire us to live lives of holiness and devotion. Learning from their faith journeys encourages us on our own path of discipleship.

The Church’s Mission and Outreach

The communion of saints extends beyond the confines of time and space. We explore how the Church, as the Body of Christ, carries out its mission to proclaim the Gospel and engage in acts of compassion and outreach. Recognizing our role in this mission encourages us to actively participate in the Church’s work of spreading God’s love and grace. 


Recap of Essential Beliefs and Practices

In the concluding section, we recap the essential beliefs and practices covered in this Catechism. We emphasize the importance of grounding our faith in the foundational teachings of Christianity, the wisdom of Thomas Aquinas, and the historical traditions of the Church.

Encouragement for Continued Learning and Growth in Faith

We encourage all believers to continue their journey of faith, seeking deeper understanding and growth in their relationship with God. Faith is a lifelong journey, and this Catechism serves as a starting point for ongoing exploration and spiritual maturation.

Benediction and Closing Prayer

We conclude with a benediction, invoking God’s blessings upon all those who have engaged with this Catechism. A closing prayer offers gratitude for God’s guidance and asks for His continued presence and grace in our lives as we walk in faith.

This comprehensive Catechism draws upon the wisdom of Thomas Aquinas and the rich traditions of the Christian faith, providing a solid foundation for believers to deepen their understanding of the faith, live out their Christian calling, and grow in communion with God and the Church.